SOLAR TRAINING IN THE AMAZON – Setting up a training camp for PV technologies in the Peruvian Amazon

Project developed and coordinated by CETRI-TIRES, Nuestro Horizonte Verde and Universidad Nacional Amazonica Peruana 
Context of reference
The context of reference is the city of Iquitos, with 500,000 inhabitants (Region Loreto, Peru). This city develops in an area bounded by the Amazon River and by the rainforest and hosts basic services such as hospitals, schools and industrial business districts. Iquitos is a reference town for a myriad of small and medium-sized municipalities (community comprising 10 to 5000 inhabitants), located along the Amazon River and its many tributaries.
The only airport receives only a few flights per day. There is no type of terrestrial connection because of landslides procured by the rains that affect river flows, which can vary by up to 20 meters in height and 5 km in length.
The difficulty of connections is joined to an unbearable cost of traditional fossil fuels (currently the only source for the production of electricity), often intermittent in homes and businesses.
Criticality indexes
The rate of population growth and current energy policies linked to it will worsen the situation over the next twenty years. The current expensive, polluting and outdated energy model will never allow the achievement of social and human rights and democracy in the South of the World. We need a sharp change of course that brings both a sustainable and democratic energy revolution through renewable energy sources and the valorization of local resources.
CETRI-TIRES, in this regard, has created and studied income and energy inequalities using two indexes:   
I.I.C. = Income Inequality Critical
E.I.C. = Energy Inequality Critical
In percentage terms, the difference in economic treatment between annual _ industrialized Western countries and South of the World is 10 to 1 (IIC = Income Inequality Critical). The same incidence (10 to 1) in percentage terms, is clear from a comparison of the average annual income and the average annual cost of the energy produced with fossil and fissile fuels (EIC = Energy Inequality Critical).
The training model proposed by CETRI not only has environmental and social repercussions but also becomes the occasion for a major operation for the redistribution of wealth and decisional power. In these processes is of crucial importance to develop educational programs that allow their publicity and their spreading.
“The universities are setting up advanced research laboratories to offer to a new generation of designers, contractors and technical the necessary tools to develop and commercialize innovative technologies of the Third Industrial Revolution and to create virtual platforms that simulate the characteristics and operation of smart grids”
(J. Rifkin, The Third Industrial Revolution, 2011)
To preserve the delicate ecosystem of the Peruvian Amazon Rainforest from pollutants and obsolete electrical generators powered by fossil fuels (currently only system used), and to free local populations from the unsustainable energy cost are the main objective of the project.
The program will allow to create in Peru (Iquitos – Peruvian Amazon Rainforest), new professional figures to be trained through masters and specialization courses. The UNAP (Universidad Nacional de la Amazonia Peruana) will work with CETRI-TIRES and offer its students study courses in subjects of the sector of renewable energy and environmental sustainability, to be accompanied by existing courses.
Future experts in “Territorial Planning of Third Industrial Revolution” will be formed (in the fields of energy, waste management, agriculture, international funds and programs for sustainable policies); the experts will be also initiated to teaching at the lower governmental and private educational centers, in which they will spread the acquired skills to other students for the creation of new sustaninable social models, both from an energy and an economic point of view.
The UNAP project ultimately aims at creating a new economic and social model through the fundamental resource of Education to help eliminate the significant causes of pollution, poverty, underdevelopment and violence.
Operational project
CETRI-TIRES can count on the operational support of the Peruvian NGO Nuestro Horizonte Verde, based in Iquitos, created and coordinated by Marco Antonio Molino, activist, environmentalist and correspondent for CETRI-TIRES for the activities of the Society in the Loreto Region (Peru)..
CETRI-TIRES will supply and install an interactive multimedia classroom and a training laboratory at UNAP, with the aim of training Peruvian students on the subjects of the training plan. The multimedia classroom will be equipped with computers and accessories with the related workstations, projectors, projection screens and internet access. The training field will be equipped with solar panels, LED lamps, photovoltaic generators, storage batteries and inverters.
UNAP will make possible the teaching activities, the training plans and the practical experience of installation through frontal lessons at the multimedia classroom and in the areas of the training field for PV technology. Several lessons will be carried out through existing fast, cheap and effcient systems of web communication to enable students to acquire information and images from the best professionals and technicians. Students will be also involved in practical applications of learning and installation of photovoltaic technology in the laboratory.
UNAP will promote the study program involving local authorities, governments, citizens, businesses and the tourism sector in order to create a new economic and social paradigm through the fundamental resource of education.
The monitoring will be done through trainers, technicians, the University and our organization in order to ensure the normal carrying out the program, contribute to the creation and dissemination of new systems for generating electricity from renewable energy sources.
UNAP – Universidad Nacional Amazonica Peruana
NHV – Nuestro Horizonte Verde
Italian-Peruvian NGO active in social and environmental projects in South America
Ing. Pedro Antonio Gratelly Silva
Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture of UNAP, Universidad Nacional Amazonica Peruana

Dr. Antonio Francesco Parisi and Dr. Angelo Sicilia
International Project planners for CETRI-TIRES

Antonio Marco Molino
Environmental activist and correspondent of CETRI-TIRES for the activities of the Society in the Region of Loreto, Peru, and founder-coordinator of the NGO Nuestro Horizonte Verde
The project SOLAR TRAINING IN AMAZON is currently in the final stages of structuring. the operational phase is planned for the period 2013-2014. From December 2012 is opened the process of collecting the necessary funds for the construction and operation of the objectives outlined above. The necessary funds will be raised through private donations and public international calls.