PISCIGRANJA – Sustainable Solar Fish Farming

 
Context of reference
The context of reference is the community of Caserio Roca Fuerte, Region Loreto (Peru). The resident population is composed of 130 people, distributed in 80 families. The village is developed in an area located to the right of the river Momon in the vast territory of Roca Fuerte, which has a surface of 1,114 hectares and is located about 47 km from the port Bella Vista Nanay.
 
 
The Amazon River, issued in its many tributaries, has the largest basin in the world and is the second longest river after the Nile. The rain forest thrives here in its richest forms: the forest floor is highly developed, the trees and the aerial vegetation form a nearly continuous coverage. Here live 750 species of trees, 400 species of birds and 125 of mammals, 100 species of reptiles and 60 of amphibians. It has been estimated that every single tree hosts 400 types of insects. The variety of fish in the waters of the river is such that biologists are able to identify only about one third of them (30%). It is estimated that there are 5,000 different species of fish.
 
 
The city of reference for basic services such as hospitals, schools, industrial and business districts, is Iquitos. There isn't, however, any type of land connection due to frequent landslides caused by the continuous change of river beds. Any movement is made only for basic needs because of the poor economy of the village, consisting basically of handicrafts, agriculture and fishing.
 
 
Criticality Indexes
Industrial and urban discharges , because of the lack of regulation and specific legislation, provoke water pollution and the death of fish species.
 
 
Another problem is the industrial fishing of the big companies aimed at the capture of valuable fish species, which causes the destruction of the flora of the river and the indiscriminate capture of protected species. The destruction of the mangrove forest in order to extract from the bark of these high stalk trees the tannin used by industries that produces colorings is also raising serious concern. In this way also disappears the underwood, which is essential to the food chain and to fish reproduction.
 
 
The "small" fisherman receives only a tenth of the final sale price because of the many "steps" in the supply chain before reaching the consumer. The fishermen of small communities also have no possibility to directly take care of the storage, processing and delivery of the product.
 
The subsistence economy and the lack of capital to invest make them dependent on a system that as things stand will never allow growth and local development.
 
According to this principle, rural development requires a new involvement of the labor force of the country.
 
New models of community, consortia and cooperatives for a proximity of the supply chain in a social, territorial and local economy level are identified. The shift of the energy business should be from the industry to the groups of farmers and fishermen as a support to the fundamental food production activities. This means to take into account the socio-economic impact on the territory during the evaluation phase. Threfore, these territories do not need a system composed of large isolated plants, owned by a few entrepreneurs, but instead a network model of small plants, which involve the agricultural production system throughout the territory, in a concept of short chain.
 
 
Operative project and objectives
The project will allow CETRI-TIRES to build lagoons for the raising of fingerlings (the offspring of fish). The lagoons will be supplied by a spring that will allow a constant exchange of water, giving a level of adequate oxygenation for the species to be treated for the job.
 
Gamitana (Colossoma Macropomum) Boquichico (Prochilodus nigricans) Paco (Piaractus Brachypomus)
 
The cleaning of the lagoons will take place every day in order to prevent the ingress of other species of freshwater animals. The lagoons will also be equipped with an exhaust system that will allow to prepare and clean herds in periods subsequent to the fishing.
 
The Biological Sampling will allow to constantly monitor the growth of fish in the farming time under review. Within the supply chain will be foreseen also a laboratory for monitoring the organoleptic properties of fish.
 
The main objective of the Piscigranja project is to allow the community Caserio Roca Fuerte to increase and develop the local production system based primarily on fishing. The program will include the development of the fish farming sector and the associated economic and social progress of all communities belonging to the related working activities.
 
 
The money from the sale of the fish will be partially reinvested to increase the rearing of fingerlings and partly used for the creation of infrastructure and basic services for the community (photovoltaic electricity, school, hospital facility).
 
 
The evolution of the work plan will allow the growth of the fish farming sector with the creation of small craft complex aimed at processing and marketing of fish. The absence of capitals will no longer be a cause of dependence on the system of large mediators.
 
The activities will be made ??possible through the photovoltaic energy that will allow the storage and preservation of the products, moving away from the current monopolistic energy policies related to fossil fuels.
 
The current expensive, polluting, and outdated energy model will never allow to support the economic development necessary to achieve human and social rights and democracy. We need a sharp change of course that allows both a democratic and sustainable energy revolution  through renewable energy sources and to utilize local resources. CETRI-TIRES (Third Industrial Revolution European Society), in this regard, has identified and studied income and energy inequalities through two indexes:
 
I.I.C. = Income Inequality Critical
E.I.C. = Energy Inequality Critical
 
In percentage terms, the difference in annual economic treatment between Western industrialized countries and the South of the world is 10 to 1 (IIC = Income Inequality Critical). The same incidence (10 to 1) in terms of percentages is clear from a comparison of the impact on average annual incomes of the average annual cost of the energy produced with fossil and fissile fuels (EIC = Critical Energy Inequality).
 
All systems of electric light and of water lifting and depuration will be powered by PV modules and 12/24/220Volts Stand Alone systems . The project starts from the assumption that energy education and the use of renewable sources is the only way to achieve self-determination of the individual and the principles of freedom.
 
That's why the "product", in this scenario, becomes only the last of the values ??to put into play, giving strength and substance instead to the values connected to being, rather than having. To change the priority in relationships and in evaluations in both the social and the productive field will welcome a Third Industrial Revolution, in which humanity and the natural system will co-evolve.
 
 
Acting in accordance with the natural cycles is certainly the road to the future stability of the "Earth system" and to imitate them means to the man to humbly acknowledge its dependence on nature, and its not prevaricating role in the network of life.
 
In a holistic view, therefore, it is necessary to recognize a reality made up of food systems of quality and with respect for the environment.
 
 
The need for constant monitoring of the water of the lagoons through physical and chemical analysis will also create new professionals.
 
 
 
 
 
With regard to organoleptic properties, the freshwater fish is an excellent food from the nutritional point of view. It contains a low caloric intake a good protein intake, and is a good source of fat acids important for the proper functioning of the human body: the famous Omega 3.
 
River fish is also rich in many minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and selenium. In the villages of the Amazon they are cooked adding local flavors with the result of really delicious dishes. The vitamin content is consistent for vitamins B1, B2, B12 and PP, but it is an important and almost exclusive carrier of vitamins A and D.
 
 
The project is in the final stages of planning, its implementation will take place between 2013 and 2014; we are now committed to provide the necessary funding for its implementation and management. The funds will be collected from donors and international public tenders.
 
CETRI-TIRES thanks all those who have dealt with the feasibility and sustainability of the project:
 
Biologists Cinthya Rynaby and Antonio Scaramelli
activists and members of CETRI-TIRES Scientific Committee
 
Antonio Marco Molino
activist, environmentalist and correspondent for CETRI-TIRES for the activities of the Society held in the Region of Loreto (Peru); coordinator and founder of the NGO Nuestro Horizonte Verde